The health of human beings depends on genetic factors. There are many genetic diseases that are affecting the human beings these days. Some of the rare genetic disorders in humans are described as under:-
- Down syndrome – This is a chromosomal disorder that affects the intellectual capability, facial appearance and muscle tone in infants and affects thinking ability above 50 years.
- Albinism – This is a genetic condition that occurs due to the low production of melanin and absence of color pigment in the skin and eyes. It is of four types namely type1, type2, type3 and type4.
- Cystic Fibrosis – This is an inherited disease that secretes mucus which affects the lungs, liver, pancreas and sex organs.
- Bloom Syndrome – This is a degenerative disease that affects the brain system and causes dermentia, memory loss and makes it hard to carry on routine activities as well.
- Noonan Syndrome – This condition affects different parts of the body and symptoms include bleeding, skeletal malformation, short stature and heart defects.
- Sickle Cell Syndrome – This is a blood disorder that affects the hemoglobin a pigment in the red blood cells.
- Fragile X Syndrome – This syndrome is commonly known as Martin-Bell syndrome or Market X Syndrome as it occurs due to trinucleotide repeat disorder.
- Hemophilia – This slows down the process of blood clotting and there is continuous bleeding after injury.
- Wilson’s Disease – This is an inherited disease and occurs due to accumulation of copper in liver, brain and eyes.