What is a Migraine?
A migraine is a headache that causes severe throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation to one side of the head. In migraine, overactive nerve cells stimulate the blood vessels, causing hormones to be released. These hormones then cause the blood vessels near the nerve terminals to swell, resulting in a migraine. Migraine is commonly accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and excessive light and sound sensitivity. Its attacks can last for hours or days, and the pain can be severe enough to interfere with daily activities.
What this infographic explains:
This infographic explains all the aspects of Migraine- starting from its symptoms, types, triggers, and all the preventive measures that can provide you with some sort of relief.
Symptoms of the Migraine:
To detect it early, you must know about the symptoms. Migraines mostly affect women. About 30 million Americans suffer from Migraines. So, let’s know about the symptoms.
Excessive throbbing pain on one side of the head.
It may cause fatigue, pain, nausea, and visual disturbances.
Difficulty in speaking, irritability, tingling, and numbness are its other symptoms.
Temporary loss of vision can be another symptom of migraine.
Bloating, constipation or diarrhea can also be the symptoms of Migraine.
Types of Migraines:
Different types of migraines have been detected. They are-
Migraine with aura- Migraines where you get a warning sign like seeing a blind spot or flashing lights or ‘aura’ that you are going to have a migraine attack.
Migraine without ‘aura’: This is the most common type of migraine where you won’t get any warning signs.
Migraine with brainstem aura
Cause of Migraines:
So, what triggers the migraine? Though the exact cause is still unknown, physicians may help you pinpoint some of the factors that may increase the risk of migraines. These can be as follows:
Hormonal changes in women
Drinking alcoholic beverages
Change in the sleep habits
Change in the weather
Certain medication side effects
Consuming some foods can trigger the risk of migraine-like cheese or other dairy produce, citrus fruits, chocolate, etc.
Preventive measures against migraines:
Though complete cure is difficult in migraine, Physicians suggest some measures that can get you some relief against migraines:
Getting regular exercise
Having plenty of sleep
Eating at regular intervals
These are lifestyle changes that can act against having migraine attacks. The method of prevention may vary from person to person. Sometimes, a person may have to follow certain preventive measures to see which one acts for him.
In addition to changes in your lifestyle, certain medications, other complementary and alternative (CAM) treatments like holistic therapeutic options or acupuncture, Biomagnetism therapy and sometimes surgical approaches can come in handy. Feel free to contact the health experts like certified biomagnetism therapists, to get a proper guideline on how to take the initiative towards a healthy life.