The 3D Geographic Network Display was designed and developed by Kenneth C. Cox, Taosong He and Stephen G. Eick, and has gone a long way to help solve problems which arise out of 2D network Visualizations.
The 3D Geographic Network Display was developed at the Bell Laboratories, and the first breakthrough for its advent is due to the genius of one man, Stephen G.
Eick. He was the one who came up with a whole new series of structures which are unlike those of the 2D network displays, and these alternative structures paved the way for the development of the 3D Geographic Network Display.
One of the main problems with the 2D network system was the fact that it was too cluttered. It was an inherent problem with the 2D system.
But the authors suggested that, the clutter problem can be resolved if the network was represented in 3D. And they also explained how this can be achieved easily, which was, by simply positioning the nodes first, and then in the place of links, draw arcs.
This helps to eliminate the crossing of the lines, which create the clutter in the 2D display. And even on a computer screen, which is inherently 2D, we can see the display in 3D, thanks to our pre-attentive depth perception.