Various inventions have been done by NASA and the list of top ones are given below.
The computer microchip was one of the top most inventions by NASA that was used in Apollo Guidance Computer. The CAT Scanner invention of NASA is a cancer detection technology that helps to find out the imperfections in the space components.
Cordless Tools were first used by Apollo Astronauts in order to drill the rocks that were present on the moon. The Ear thermometer was another invention of NASA that is camera like lens which is used in detecting the infrared energy and is used for measuring the temperature of the stars.
Water Filters were created by NASA for their Apollo Moon Missions. Another popular invention of NASA is Freeze Dried Meals that reduced the meal weights of astronauts by 80% but at the same time retained 98% of the nutrition.
Memory Foam was invented by them so that there are soft landings of the planetary probes. Scratch Resistant Eyeglass Lenses was developed by NASA as the shield on the Apollo Astronaut’s Helmet Visitors.
Insulation that is a reflective material was invented so as to provide protection to the spacecraft from radiation. Adjustable smoke detectors were developed so that they can be used on the Skylab to prevent any false alarm.