The article provide details and comparisons related to Meiosis and Mitosis.
Meiosis is a type of a cell division that is needed for the sexual reproduction in the eukaryotes. The cells that are produced by Meiosis are known as spores or gametes. The gametes are also known as sperm or the egg cells. The Meiosis process is started with one diploid cell that has 2 copies of the single chromosome out of which one comes from the mother and the other from the father.
Mitosis on the other hand is a reproduction process in which one nuclei cell is split into 2 or more daughter cell which are identical genetically. The process is followed by cytokinesis in which the nuclei, organelles, cytoplasm and cell membrane are divided into two cells that have the cellular components. The Mitosis process is very complex and also varies with the species.
The phases of Meiosis include Interphase, prophase I, Metaphase I, Anaphase I, telophase I, prophase II, Metaphase II, Anaphase II and telophase II. The phases of Mitosis include Interphase, preprophase, prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase and cytokinesis.
Meiosis is a sexual type of reproduction that occurs in humans, fungi, animals and plants while Mitosis is an asexual reproduction that occurs in all organisms.