The Paralympics are always conducted as soon as after the completion of Olympics. In Greek, the word para means 'alongside', lympics is extracted from the word Olympics and used as the suffix. Only the athletes with a physical disability including mobility disabilities, amputations, blindness, and cerebral palsy compete in this multi-sport event.
Dr. Ludwing Guttmann, a German neurologist introduced conducting games for disabled athletes. Later, in 1948 the competition was renamed as the 1948 International Wheelchair Games, which coincided with Olympics happened in the same year in London.
The partnership between the International Paralympics Committee(IPC) and International Olympics Committee (IOC) was established in 2001. The symbol of Paralympics 2012 has three colors and resembles the shape of the Latin text for 'I move': agito.
The US tops the medal tally with 2,101 medals, followed by Germany with 1,587 medals. Most popular events in the Paralympics are Archery, Swimming, Athletics, Wheelchair Events, Cycling, Equestrian, Judo, etc. Oscar Pistorious is one of the famous Paralympians among the highest gold medal winners.