How does your memory work?
There are three main stages of making and recalling memory - Encoding, Storage and Retrieval. Our memory functions by forming a network of signals and connections. Memory is perceived by the senses and stored in the sensory memory.
Repetition of recall makes storage more long-term. this is called as retrieval. Distractions and attention deficit are the main culprits for failure to retain and recall information.
Large-scale memory loss could be due to aging, intoxication, disease, medication and trauma. Engagement in life and surroundings sports and hobbies, regular exercise and proper rest are the keys to cultivating a good memory.