France is a sovereign country in Western Europe and is the one among three countries that share both Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea coastlines. Its current constitution was brought into effect on 04 Oct 1958.
France has always been one of the most powerful countries of Europe and it saw its power rise to the zenith during the nineteenth and twentieth century’s. It still exerts a lot of cultural, economic, political and military influence in the current European Union.
France also hosts the world's largest number of heritage sites which are magnificent remains of the French Renaissance as well as earlier periods of the rich French history.
1.Touring France For Over 100 Years
France has changed tremendously and from the first tour in 1903 till the tour in 2013, many things have changed. The distance between the tour in 1903 was 2,428 Km which has now become 3,360Km in 2013. In 1903 the tour had 6 stages where as in 2013 it had 21 stages. In 1903 the rest days were 12 during the tour where as of now in 2013 the number of rest days have become 2.
The bike frame material used before was steel or wood and the weight of the bicycle was 17Kgs on the other hand the modern Bicycles are made up of carbon/Alloys and their weight is 7Kgs. For the head protection bikers in 1903 used to wear wool cap and goggles whereas the modern bikers wear helmet and sunglasses.
For the nutrition bikers used to depend on alcohol, breads and cigarettes and the modern biker use energy bars, electrolytes and gels.
2. Scandal In the Tour De France
Tour De France is one of the most prestigious cycling event in the world but it is also not untouched by the scandals. The first Tour De France was organised in 1903. In the year 904 the riders were punished for taking the shortcuts and using the cars and trains in the race.
3. The All Time Greats Of Tour de France
The total stages won in the game are 8 in which the winner in 1952-1969 was Jacques Anquetil who was the first cyclist who won the Tour De France for the five times. Bernard Hinault in 1974-1986 was the only cyclist to finish either first or second in each tour. Miguel Indurain won five consecutive tours from the year 1991 to 1995. In the three times winner series Philliple Thys had the record of winning three tours win sets in 1920 which was not beaten till 1963.
4. Overview Of France And Europe Objectives for Rio+20
Rio+20 are the United Nations Conference on sustainable development and it is the 5th earth summit. The aim of these summits has to show the way society can manage the sustainability without compromising on the requirements of the future generation. The R&D investment of the country has a deep impact on the economic development of the country.
These researches create economic development and job creation. It also aims at decreasing the numbers of school dropouts because the more number of students not going to the school the more the well being of the country getting compromised. Tomorrow’s economy and society is created by young people and they participate in bringing the change in the society.
The global efforts taken to reduce the ecological footprints are also included in the Rio+20. Volume of the green house gases are also aimed to be reduced during the Rio+20.
5. Open Innovation France
Open innovation is the concept of integrating external and internal partners in a firm for its overall growth and development. In the internal development process all the staffs is included even once who are not involved in R&D are also a part of internal team. In the external partner’s laboratories, academics, clients and start ups are being included. 57.3% of the entire efforts are focused for innovation where as collaborative cultural development involves 30.1%. In the entire process 4.9% focus is on internal development and 1.9% on the cost control.
6. 2012 France
France has 25,300,000 gamers and the entire industry observes 6% overall growth year by year. The high level game facts collected from the French National Game Survey conducted in the May 2012 reveals that 51% people in France spends money on games. The total population of France is 45,100,000 out of which the active internet population of people aged between 10 years to 65 years is 43,000,000. Paying gamers in France are almost 12,900,000. 19% people spend times on games from their Mac/PC, 15% people spend time on casual website, 24% spend time on console games and 17% spend their times on social networking websites.
7. Facts About 100 years Of The Tour De France
The first tour was conducted in the year 1903 in which the first winner was Morris Garin. There are four riders who have won the race 5 times and they are Miguel Indurain, Eddy Merckx, Bernard Hinault and Jacques Anquatil.
8. France Privacy Regulator Imposes Fine On Google
9. Key Traffic Data
Some figures about the average traffic that was recorded on radio, NDP and TV website in France in the March 2012 revealed that press witnessed the increase of 16.7%, radio had a traffic increase of 2.4% where as the Television had a record break increase of 66.4%.
10. France And the UN Security Council
The council has 5 permanent members with the Veto power which are from United States, Russian federation, and People republic of China, France and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It has 10 non-permanent members with the Veto power. These members are selected by United Nations General Assembly. Each year 5 out of 10 non permanent members are selected by UNGA and these members are appointed for the period of two years. Every elected candidate must win two thirds of the vote casted in the election. In the council sessions the secretary general may participate without casting vote.