In this infographic, you can learn what is a Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), symptoms to look out for, its prevention and treatment.
Coronary Heart Disease is the narrowing of blood vessels that supply oxygen and blood to heart.
In the U.S. CHD is the number one cause of death.
Major factors of CHD include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, obesity, family history and sedentary lifestyle.
Chest pain is a most common sign of CHD. Other symptoms include nausea, shortness of breath and fatigue.
1. Avoid smoking
2. Exercise regularly as advised by your doctor.
3. Keep your weight under control.
4. Adopt a healthy diet.
5. Reduce salt and fat intake
6. Avoid saturated fats, partially hydrogenated and hydrogenated fats.
Aspirin to prevent blood clots in arteries.
ACE inhibitors to lower BP.
Beta blockers to lower BP and oxygen use.
Calcium channel blockers to reduce strain.
Diuretics to treat heart failure.
Nitrates to prevent chest pain.
Statins to reduce cholesterol.
Angioplasty and stent placement procedures may be needed for some patients.