The term cerebral palsy encompasses a group of neurological disorders that affect physical disability. Cerebral refers to the affected area in brain, whereas palsy refers to partial or complete paralysis of muscle, along with tremors and loss of sensation.
Cerebral palsy occurs due to damage or development of abnormalities in one or more areas of brain, that are responsible for muscle tone and movement. This infographic explains how Cerebral palsy affects a child, its diagnosis, treatment, risk factors and the legal options that are available.
Cerebral Palsy is classified into three types : Spastic, Athetoid and Ataxic Cerebral Palsy. The impairments caused by CP mostly occur during early childhood. Infants with Cerebral palsy achieve progress in sitting, crawling, walking and other developments very slowly.
Individuals will have difficulty in controlling and coordinating their muscles. Cerebral Palsy is a chronic, permanent condition that cannot be cured, but therapy, treatment and special equipment can help some children affected with this condition.
Cerebral palsy risk factors include prematurity; infections during pregnancy such as rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes and toxoplasmosis; insufficient oxygen supply to the foetus; severe jaundice and Asphyxia during labor and delivery.
If Cerebral Palsy in a child is associated with medical error during labor and delivery process, the families may seek money for the damages incurred and future care-related expenses.