15th august, 2013, marks the 67th year of Indian Independence. India, the largest democracy in the world, was emancipated from the British rule on this day, sixty seven years ago. The British, who came to India primarily as traders, slowly and gradually took over the whole country and ruled it for the next two centuries approximately. The struggle for Indian independence began formally with the revolt of 1857 and ended with the declaration of independence in 1947.
Post independence, India is a ‘sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic’, as mentioned in the preamble to the constitution. The Indian constitution is the longest written constitution among the sovereign countries of the world. Since Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the first law minister of independent India, and he supervised the work of the drafting of the constitution, he is referred to as the Father of Indian Constitution.
Indian Civilization has definitely come a long way, from the times of the Indus valley civilization to the recent times. Throughout this extremely long journey, the country has seen various changes in all aspects.
Geographically, the land has been broken into three pieces. Economically India has gone through sea changes since the economic liberalization of the 1990’s. Politically, over the years, 364 political parties have developed in the country.
It is a nation of multi ethnicity. India boasts of more than 2000 ethnic groups and 1,652 different mother tongues. India is also rich in its arts. Various types of performing arts are being practiced in the country over years.
In the field of visual arts, India has produced great artists. It is a beautiful country with multitudes of geographical diversions too. Therefore understandably, ‘unity in diversity’ is the main motto of this nation.