From last 100 years, Indian cinema has seen an immense change when the first epochal feature black and white film named ‘Raja HarishChandra’ was released on May 3, 1913. It was created by Dadasaheb Phalke, who is referred now as the ‘Father of Indian Cinema’.
Despite of the varied cultures in India, the pioneer filmmakers or exhibitors would have never thought that within 100 years after unleashing a new entertainment medium through films, India would be the most popular film industry on the globe.
The year that laid foundation for the Indian cinema was 1896, in which the Lumiere Brothers from France came to India to showcase the first ever motion film. From the year 1896 to 1925, there were no female directors to contribute for Indian cinema, but in 1926, Fathima Begum became the first female producer and directed a film by the name ‘Bulbul Parasthan’.
After gaining independence in 1947, the Indian cinema has undergone a remarkable change when Raj Kapoor’s all time hit movie ‘Awaara’ was featured for the first time in USSR and China. The 1950’s is considered to be the golden era of Indian Cinema as ‘Mother India’, that was released in 1957 became the first Indian film to receive a nomination for an Academy award.
In the 20th Century, India has become a global enterprise and listed as one of the popular movie industry for producing more number of films in a year next to Hollywood and Chinese film industries.